Gyaltsap Dharma Rinchen and the Four Levels of Buddhist Teaching

One of Tsong-kha-pa’s students, Gyaltsap Dharma Rinchen (1364-1432), wrote these lines in “Illumination of the Essential Meanings” of (Nāgārjuna’s) Precious Garland of the Middle Way (64a.2). The four levels presented below are quoted in Jeffrey Hopkins’ translation of Precious Garland: Nagarjuna’s Buddhist Advice for Living and Liberation.  This is a book presenting the Tibetan Gelugpa Prasangika […]